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Drug and Alcohol Rehab

In drug and alcohol rehab, an individual can receive help with their withdrawal. Withdrawal is the body's response to the removal of the drug it has become dependent on. Withdrawal results in cravings for more of the drug that is being removed from the body. Detoxification is the timeframe in which the body is ridding itself of its addiction. Detox is the initial step in defeating a chemical addiction such as drugs or alcohol.

Opiates such as heroin and methadone, and prescription drugs such as Hydrocodone, Oxycontin, Xanax, Vicodin and Lortab, need medical detox supervision. Other illicit drugs such as marijuana, crystal methamphetamine, and cocaine do not need medical detox. In drug and alcohol rehab, the drug detox process requires that the patient be closely monitored, using strategies such as evaluating vital signs, and administering support and medications if necessary. When an addict ceases or significantly lowers her drug use after heavy or continued use, numerous withdrawal symptoms or side effects can occur. These include sweating, tremors, headaches, craving for the drug, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhea, insomnia, confusion, agitation, depression, and anxiety.

Similar to drug detox, alcohol detox is usually done in an inpatient medical center. The key to a successful detoxification is preparation. The first course of therapy is to get the patient to a point where they are ready to change their drinking behavior. Medical specialists must give patients all the pertinent information regarding detoxification, so they know what to expect during the drug and alcohol rehab process.

The intention of detox is to alleviate the physical symptoms, which includes tremors, headaches, vomiting, sweating, restlessness, lack of appetite, sleeplessness, hallucinations, hyperactivity, and convulsions. Alcohol detox medications are similar to drug detox medications (buprenophex, certain benzodiazepines and anticonvulsant drugs). Alcohol detox completion can last 3 to 14 days, depending on the severity.

Drug and alcohol rehab can positively help the addict prepare for the detoxification process, and for complete rehabilitation and treatment. Some physicians feel that the withdrawal stage is related to the drug addiction, meaning, the more severe the withdrawal, the more likely the addict will be to continue using the drug to avoid the withdrawal.

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