Contact Us For Help

Browse Alcohol Detox an Addiction Rehab by State:

Drug and Alcohol Treatment

The four most common types of drug and alcohol treatment are outpatient methadone, outpatient drug-free, long-term residential, and short-term inpatient services. Outpatient methadone programs provide the addict with methadone medication to decrease his heroin cravings and suppress its effects. Some patients remain on methadone for a long time, while others abandon methadone and progress to abstinence. Long-term residential programs provide 24/7 drug-free treatment in a residential environment comprised of counselors and recovering addicts. Patients tend to remain in these programs for many months, sometimes up to a year or longer. Many of these drug and alcohol treatment programs are called therapeutic communities.

Outpatient drug-free programs utilize a bevy of approaches ranging from problem-solving groups, specialized therapies including psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and 12-step methodologies. Similar to long-term residential treatment programs, patients in outpatient drug-free programs may remain in these programs for months or more. In the short-term inpatient program, a patient can stay in the program for up to 30 days. Many of these programs deal with medical stabilization, promoting abstinence, and lifestyle changes. The members of staff are mainly medical professionals plus trained counselors. Once upon a time, these programs were used mainly for alcohol abuse, but in the 1980s, they were expanded into drug and alcohol treatment centers.

The four most popular types of treatment for drug abuse are all effective in decreasing drug use, according to a NIDA-sponsored study of drug abuse treatment results. The Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS) kept track of 10,010 drug abusers in almost 100 treatment programs in 11 cities who had been in treatment from 1991 to 1993.

According to DATOS researchers, the reason patients stay in treatment can be attributed to high motivation, legal pressure to remain in treatment, no previous issues with the law, receiving psychological counseling while undergoing treatment, and having no other psychological problems. The investigators discovered that programs with low retention rates generally have patients with the most issues, especially problems with antisocial personality disorder, alcohol dependence, or cocaine addiction.

Short-term inpatient drug and alcohol treatment programs according to the DATOS study showed substantial decreases in drug use, despite the fact that patients remained in these programs for only 30 days. Notably, patients surveyed by DATOS cited that it took them roughly 7 years after they first used their primary drug to undergo treatment.

In 1992, the societal cost of alcohol and drug abuse was approximately $246 billion. Specifically, alcohol abuse and alcoholism cost approximately $148 billion; drug abuse and dependence cost approximately $98 billion.

The results from a study performed by Cornell University researchers of students in 7-9th grade in the state of New York reflect that the chances of students drinking, smoking and using marijuana were 40 percent less when students engaged in a substance abuse prevention program (school-based) than when they did not participate. Notably, in 1979, 18 percent of all adolescents age 12 to 17 used illegal drugs; by 1991, 7 percent were using illegal drugs. Although this is a positive decline, individuals who are still abusing drugs or alcohol are advised to enroll now in a drug and alcohol treatment center.

Recent Articles
Alcoholism is also referred to as alcohol dependence, a disease that includes craving, loss of control, physical dependence, and tolerance. The craving resulting from alcohol abuse is a potent desire or urge to drink. When the individual loses control they cannot stop drinking once they start. Physi Because alcoholism is a disease, the craving an alcoholic has for alcohol can be as tremendous as the need for food or water. Alcohol abuse causes the individual to drink despite grave family, health, or legal issues. As is the case with several other diseases, alcoholism lasts throughout an individ Based on research, alcoholism often run in families. But although the genes an individual inherits is part of the reason for this pattern, their lifestyle is also an issue. Researchers are now trying to find out the specific genes that cause individuals to be at risk for alcoholism. An individual’ Still, this doesn’t mean that because alcoholism generally runs in families a child who has an alcoholic parent will automatically develop the disease. There are some individuals who develop alcoholism even though none of their family members have a drinking issue. Further, not all children who ha
When many soldiers and military personnel return home from war, they realize there's a completely different battle awaiting them – drugs and alcohol. Military alcohol addiction plagues many veterans, who must not only fight to rid themselves of the harsh memories of war but of their addictions as Alcohol and drug abuse is not only common among individuals coming back from war, but also among individuals who are on active duty getting ready to go to war. It is hard to picture the same young soldiers in uniform lifting beer mugs while celebrating, shooting up heroin, smoking crack cocaine, or Much of the addiction veterans suffer from war is related to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is an anxiety disorder that can happen after being exposed to any traumatic event that has threatened one's life or loved one's safety. Individuals who have been rape victims, and children, youth, PTSD is a serious reaction to a psychological trauma that overpowers an individual's defenses. Symptoms can take the form of nightmares and flashbacks, insomnia, anger, hypersensitivity to normal life experiences and avoiding anything that could remind them of the traumatic event.